Sunny Chan blogs Can you see the Logic in my Madness?

Centos Docker images for building OpenJDK

by schan

Posted on Saturday Nov 01, 2014 at 03:43PM in Java

I am going to lead an OpenJDK hackathon in Taiwan later this month and I am trying to create an VM image so that people can get up and running quickly. Then last couple of weeks I came across Docker, which is a very simple container which allows easy deployment of images to your machine. So I have decided to try and see whether I can create some docker images for Hackathon use. Here is what I have come up with:

There are two images, one build with Centos 6 base image and one with Centos 7. Out of the container there are all the dependency you need to build OpenJDK 9, and an openjdk user. Once you pull the image down, you can login as openjdk and use mercurial to download openjdk and build straight away.

For Linux, you can install docker directly on any modern distribution. On Windows/MacOS you can use Boot2docker which would give you a very small Linux VM which you can run docker command from and you can take a look at the following command sequence to compile a OpenJDK 9 build:

[schan@sandybridge ~]$ sudo docker run -t -i sunnythepooh/openjdk-build:centos6 /bin/bash
bash-4.2# login openjdk
Last login: Fri Oct 31 05:02:55 on pts/1
-bash: cannot set terminal process group (-1): Inappropriate ioctl for device
-bash: no job control in this shell
[openjdk@e583ed8a4e04 ~]$ hg clone jdk9
requesting all changes
adding changesets
adding manifests
adding file changes
added 1213 changesets with 1750 changes to 151 files
updating to branch default
93 files updated, 0 files merged, 0 files removed, 0 files unresolved
[openjdk@e583ed8a4e04 ~]$ cd jdk9
[openjdk@e583ed8a4e04 jdk9]$ ls
ASSEMBLY_EXCEPTION Makefile README-builds.html common modules.xml
[openjdk@e583ed8a4e04 jdk9]$ bash
WARNING: Mercurial version 2.6.3 or later is recommended. /bin/hg is version 2.6.2
# Repositories: corba jaxp jaxws langtools jdk hotspot nashorn
corba: hg clone corba
jaxp: hg clone jaxp
corba: requesting all changes
.............................................................................cut for brevity..........................................................................
nashorn: searching for changes
nashorn: no changes found
jdk: searching for changes
jdk: no changes found
jaxws: searching for changes
jaxws: no changes found
jaxp: searching for changes
jaxp: no changes found
.: searching for changes
hotspot: searching for changes
.: no changes found
hotspot: no changes found
corba: searching for changes
corba: no changes found
langtools: searching for changes
langtools: no changes found
[openjdk@e583ed8a4e04 jdk9]$ bash ./configure
configure: Configuration created at Sat Nov 1 05:15:04 GMT 2014.
configure: configure script generated at timestamp 1414663067.
checking for basename... /bin/basename
checking for bash... /bin/bash
checking for cat... /bin/cat
checking for chmod... /bin/chmod
checking for cmp... /bin/cmp
checking for comm... /bin/comm
checking for cp... /bin/cp
checking for cut... /bin/cut
checking for date... /bin/date
.............................................................................cut for brevity..........................................................................
A new configuration has been successfully created in
using default settings.

Configuration summary:
* Debug level: release
* HS debug level: product
* JDK variant: normal
* JVM variants: server
* OpenJDK target: OS: linux, CPU architecture: x86, address length: 64

Tools summary:
* Boot JDK: openjdk version "1.8.0-internal" OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0-internal-openjdk_2014_10_31_05_05-b00) OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.20-b23, mixed mode) (at /usr/local/jvm/openjdk-1.8.0-internal)
* Toolchain: gcc (GNU Compiler Collection)
* C Compiler: Version 4.8.2 (at /bin/gcc)
* C++ Compiler: Version 4.8.2 (at /bin/g++)

Build performance summary:
* Cores to use: 7
* Memory limit: 11753 MB

WARNING: Your build output directory is not on a local disk.
This will severely degrade build performance!
It is recommended that you create an output directory on a local disk,
and run the configure script again from that directory.
[openjdk@e583ed8a4e04 jdk9]$ make images
Running make as '/bin/gmake -s VERBOSE=-s LOG_LEVEL=warn -R -I /home/openjdk/jdk9/make/common -s SPEC=/home/openjdk/jdk9//build/linux-x86_64-normal-server-release/spec.gmk'
Building OpenJDK for target 'images' in configuration 'linux-x86_64-normal-server-release'
.............................................................................cut for brevity..........................................................................
## Finished verify-modules (build time 00:00:08)

----- Build times -------
Start 2014-11-01 05:23:08
End 2014-11-01 05:30:34
00:00:08 verify-modules
00:07:26 TOTAL

Finished building OpenJDK for target 'images'
[openjdk@e583ed8a4e04 jdk9]$ build/linux-x86_64-normal-server-release/images/j2sdk-image/bin/java -version
openjdk version "1.9.0-internal"
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 1.9.0-internal-openjdk_2014_11_01_05_15-b00)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 1.9.0-internal-openjdk_2014_11_01_05_15-b00, mixed mode)

Blog upgraded

by schan

Posted on Tuesday Dec 13, 2011 at 04:34PM in Java

I have upgraded this website to:

  • Apache Roller 5.0

  • Apache TOmcat 6.0.35

  • Java 7 Update 2

Let's see how this goes!

OpenJDK compile problem on Ubuntu 11.10, and the fix

by schan

Posted on Friday Oct 28, 2011 at 04:45AM in Java

If you have following the OpenJDK build Readme and try to compile OpenJDK on Ubuntu 11.10, you may see this error: 

/home/schan/openjdk7/build/linux-amd64/tmp/sun/javax.sound/jsoundalsa/obj64/PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.o: In function `DAUDIO_GetFormats':
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x1fd): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_format_mask_malloc'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x20a): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_close'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x225): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_malloc'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x236): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_get_format_mask'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x246): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_format_mask_free'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x259): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_any'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x26a): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_get_format_mask'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x277): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_get_channels_min'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x288): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_get_channels_max'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x2cf): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_format_mask_test'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x45d): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_free'
/home/schan/openjdk7/build/linux-amd64/tmp/sun/javax.sound/jsoundalsa/obj64/PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.o: In function `setStartThresholdNoCommit':
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x48c): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_sw_params_set_start_threshold'
/home/schan/openjdk7/build/linux-amd64/tmp/sun/javax.sound/jsoundalsa/obj64/PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.o: In function `setStartThreshold':
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x4bf): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_sw_params'
/home/schan/openjdk7/build/linux-amd64/tmp/sun/javax.sound/jsoundalsa/obj64/PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.o: In function `setHWParams':
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x518): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_any'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x531): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_set_access'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x544): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_set_format'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x557): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_set_channels'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x58a): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_set_rate_near'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x5dc): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_set_buffer_size_near'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x60b): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_set_period_time_near'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x61b): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x647): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_hw_params_set_periods_near'
/home/schan/openjdk7/build/linux-amd64/tmp/sun/javax.sound/jsoundalsa/obj64/PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.o: In function `setSWParams':
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x67e): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_sw_params_current'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x6b4): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_sw_params_set_avail_min'
PLATFORM_API_LinuxOS_ALSA_PCM.c:(.text+0x6c4): undefined reference to `snd_pcm_sw_params'

Don't panic - it looks like the Java's linking sequence for ALSA sound library is wrong. Just use this patch:

--- old/make/javax/sound/jsoundalsa/Makefile    2011-10-28 02:28:00.000000000 -0400
+++ new/make/javax/sound/jsoundalsa/Makefile    2011-10-28 02:28:00.000000000 -0400
@@ -65,7 +65,7 @@
        $(MIDIFILES_export) \
-LDFLAGS += -lasound
+EXTRA_LIBS += -lasound

You should be good to go!

My COSCUP talk on OpenJDK 7

by schan

Posted on Thursday Sep 15, 2011 at 02:54PM in Java

How to compile OpenJDK on Windows

by schan

Posted on Sunday Jul 24, 2011 at 02:42PM in Java

These are the steps that I have made OpenJDK to compile on Windows platform:

  1. Install Visual C++ 2010 Express (or if you are rich, get Visual Studio 2010 Professional) 

  2. Install Windows 7 Platform SDK

  3. Install Cygwin, install the packages suggested on OpenJDK Readme. Also install gcc for step 5

  4. Install DirectX 9.0 SDK

  5. The gnu make package in the current cygwin does not support Windows directory convention and you should compile your own version of the make 3.82 which has the correct support.

  6. Download latest Freetype

    • Compile it using Visual C++ - you can find the Visual C++ project file under <freetype src>/builds/win32/vc2010. 

    • Make sure you have change the type of DLL it generates by going to Project->Properties, then Configuration Manager... button, set it to Release and Win32

    • Make sure you have set it so that it builds a DLL - you can find that under Project->Properties, Configuration Properties, General and there should be a Configuration Type drop down box

    • You can then build freetype. The DLL generated will have a version number attached to it (e.g. freetype245.dll) and you will need to make sure you rename it to freetype.dll.

  7. Get latest Apache ANT

  8. Make sure you have a Java 6 JDK installed

  9. Download the openjdk source code, either using hg or source bundle (I will assume you put it in c:\openjdk)

  10. Open a command prompt for Windows SDK by going to Start -> Windows SDK 7.1 -> Windows SDK 7.1 command prompt

  11. For 32bit ONLY, you should run the Visual Studio compiler settings batch file: c:\program files\Microsoft Visual Studio 10.0\VC\bin\vcvars32.bat

  12. Make sure you have override the standard cygwin bin path so that make.exe you have compiled in step 5 take precedent of the default cygwin.

  13. Also check that the link.exe you run in the path is the actual Microsoft linker and not the cygwin's link command - you will need to fiddle with the path.

  14. Setup a number of environment variables:

    1. ALT_BOOTDIR should point to the Java 6 JDK (Step 8)

    2. ALT_DXSDK_PATH is the DirectX SDK PATH (Step 4)


    4. ANT_HOME

    5. HOTSPOT_BUILD_JOBS if you want to parallelize your build - you can't use -j options in the make command

    6. ALLOW_DOWNLOADS=true so that it can download JAXP and JAXS jar

    7. Make sure the path is setup correctly (Step 12/13)

  15. You are ready to give it a go. First, run "make sanity" and see whether there is anything you setup incorrectly. If something is wrong, fix it.

  16. If you have passed make sanity, you can run make to build the JDK! Go and make a cuppa, it will take a while. On my i7-2600 and hard drive it took 2 hours.

Important: In order to build a 32bit JDK you must use a 32bit System - ie. you cannot cross compile (ie. 64bit Windows and compile a 32bit JDK)

Let me know whether it works for you. if it doesn't tell me what's wrong and I will fix the instructions!


by schan

Posted on Friday Jul 15, 2011 at 04:18PM in Java

This is the abstract for my COSCUP talk on August 18th, 2011:

OpenJDK 7: The universal language runtime

Sunny Chan
Hong Kong Java User Group Leader

OpenJDK 7 is the latest release of the Java Platform. In this release, there are a number of major innovations in the OpenJDK's Java Virtual Machine to enable other scripting languages like Ruby, Python and PHP to run on the platform efficiently.

In this talk, I will give you 5 reasons why you should run your applications written in alternative languages like Ruby on the OpenJDK Runtime. I will also explore some of the common myths about running your application with the Java Runtime.

OpenGL with JavaScript

by schan

Posted on Wednesday Jan 10, 2007 at 11:08AM in Java

That's a little bit of fun for you today: You can write a 3D apps using javascript while using javascript agent!

Don't think you can do that with c# :-)

Server crashed last night

by schan

Posted on Thursday Mar 09, 2006 at 03:39PM in Java

Well, the tomcat server that runs this roller weblog died last night - seems like it has running out of memory....

I am running thi weblog on a Xen VM with 128M  memory - seems like it is not enough! I can't really afford a proper hosted machine at the moment - otherwise I definitely would try to get more memory! Anyway, I have restarted the server now and it is all fine - maybe I need to switch JVM, and my old colleagues will bark!